Medical and Ethical Studies Cannabis/Marijuana Use Controversy in Indonesia: A Literature Review

Medical and Ethical Studies Cannabis/Marijuana Use Controversy in Indonesia: A Literature Review

Authors

  • Ervin Dyah Ayu Masita Dewi Department of Medical Education and Bioethics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Jefman Efendi Marzuki H. Y Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Rico Mulyono Bachelor of Medicine Education Program, Faculty of Medicine, University of Surabaya, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18051/JBiomedKes.2023.v6.354-362

Keywords:

marijuana/cannabis controversy, marijuana/cannabis legalization, scientific research, medical ethics, human dignity

Abstract

The use of marijuana/cannabis for therapy, especially for certain neurological diseases, is still causing controversy in various countries, including Indonesia. Various studies continue to be carried out while certain parties feel they have the right to get treatment through marijuana based on testimonials and previous research. The urge to legalize the use of marijuana as an alternative therapy is getting tougher, including in Indonesia. Judging from medical ethics, therapy can be applied if its use is following medical indications, the benefits outweigh the risks, its use respects human dignity, and has been clinically tested with scientific research. This research used literature studies from various references to analyze the medical and ethical aspects of using marijuana as a therapy. Potentially Cannabidiol in cannabis can be an alternative therapy, provided that it has passed the correct and ethical scientific research, which is not yet complete. Thus, the legalization of the use of cannabis/marijuana as a therapy still requires stronger and more valid scientific evidence so that the use of cannabis does not reduce human dignity, especially patients as vulnerable people under the pretext of humanity.

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Author Biographies

Jefman Efendi Marzuki H. Y, Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Surabaya, Indonesia

Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Surabaya

Rico Mulyono, Bachelor of Medicine Education Program, Faculty of Medicine, University of Surabaya, Indonesia

Bachelor of Medicine Education Program, Faculty of Medicine, University of Surabaya

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Published

2023-12-31

How to Cite

1.
Dewi EDAM, Marzuki H. Y JE, Mulyono R. Medical and Ethical Studies Cannabis/Marijuana Use Controversy in Indonesia: A Literature Review. J Biomedika dan Kesehat [Internet]. 2023 Dec. 31 [cited 2024 Apr. 21];6(3):354-62. Available from: https://www.jbiomedkes.org/index.php/jbk/article/view/339

Issue

Section

Review Article
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